| The monography is written on motives of lectures course «Conceptions of modern natural sciences» for humanitarian specialities of high schools.
Are mentioned, basically, the problem interdisciplinary questions arising at narrow specialists at studying of complex systems.
On the basis of the integration approach (a principle of sonnets wreath, from here a subtitle) the author has tried to show communication and interference of various nature sciences against each other and on a society as a whole.
The book is designed for the scientists interested by interdisciplinary problems and may be used by students of humanitarian faculties as the manual.
|TO THE INQUISITIVE READER
ADVICE I. DO NOT OPPOSE NATURAL AND HUMANITARIAN CULTURES ARE THE SIDES OF ONE MEDAL
Medal of sciences
Four attribute of a science
Place of religion, philosophy and mathematics in space of culture
Differentiation of knowledge
Barriers of special languages
Physicists - lyricists
Lyricists - physicists
Ethics of the scientist
The third information revolution
Tyutchev speaks about a nature
Reliability of sources of the information
Sense of higher education
Whether money a measure of vital success are?
ADVICE II. USE A SCIENTIFIC METHOD
Definition of natural sciences
Do not confuse Francis Bacon to bacon
The science and scientific research is two big differences
Making a scientific method, laws and principles
Scientific method on D.I. Mendeleyev. Experiment in economy
Two stages of a scientific method
The system approach
Methodological principles of a science.
Paradigm and scientific method on G. Selye
The science is not a trade, it is a way of life
Stimulus in a science and ways of their achievement (V. Dalja's dictionary, a fulgurite find)
Scientific knowledge it is one of forms of authority
ADVICE III. PERCEIVE A HISTORY OF NATURAL SCIENCES AS A DRAMA OF CHANGE OF PARADIGMS
The basic stages of development of natural sciences
Principles and laws
Change of a paradigm is a drama in a history of a science
Examples of interference of sciences
The status of the Nobel Prize
The Russian Nobel winners representatives of natural sciences
The Russian Nobel winners representatives of the humanities
About the «Scientist» D. Bruno
The phenomenon of a radioactivity has opened by Abel Niepce
Check a printed word or the crafty citation
Connection of times
Russian science structure
Russian scientific degrees and ranks
ADVICE IV. THE UNIVERSE CHIEFS AND SUBORDINATES
Objective knowledge of the world
Structural levels of the matter organization
A preon, a quark
Atom of a chemical element
Stars, planetary systems
Galaxies clouds and groups
Limits of knowledge of natural sciences on a boundary XX and XXI centuries
ADVICE V. PHYSICS STUDY A BODY - THE TRUTH IN A MICROCOSM IT FROM SCIENTISTS ESCAPES
To begin as always it is difficult, but it is necessary
Do not substitute physics ecology
Differentiation in physics
In total to not grasp - we shall choose power aspect
Examples of transition of substance in a field
Scale of electromagnetic waves
Dynamic and statistical regularities in a nature
Principles of a relativity, symmetry, superposition, complimentarily
The order, the determined chaos and chaos
Modern achievements (Physics Nobel Prizes with 1986) and prospects
Whether there is an end at physics?
ADVICE VI. CHEMISTS ARE INTERESTED WITH SUBSTANCE - THE TRUTH COMPLEXITY OF OBJECT FREQUENTLY LEADS THEM UP A BLIND ALLEY
The chemistry is a subject of employment of chemists
T.R. Malthus and a problem of the connected nitrogen
Chemistry in pharmaceutics
Continuation of experience of scientific genealogy (sources of chemistry)
Differentiation in chemistry
D.I. Mendeleyev Periodic system of elements
Properties of chemical compounds
Not destroying methods of researches
Something from thermodynamics
Chemical sensor controls
Situation with chemistry in Khabarovsk territory
Modern achievements (Chemistry Nobel Prizes with 1986) and prospects
Whether there is an end at chemistry?
ADVICE VII. SCIENTIFIC STUDYING MATERIALS PREFER MATERIAL VALUES: FOR EXAMPLE, PATENTS AND CONNECTED TO THEM PLEASURES
Classification in a science about materials. Terms.
Stone, Bronze and Iron Ages. What is farther?
The science about materials is an interdisciplinary science
The mathematics is language of a science, but possible to speak and gestures
Relaxation or adaptation? A way to balance.
The nonequilibrium condensed systems
Examples relaxation systems
«Relaxation» principle of control of nonequilibrium system properties
General scientific value relaxation principle
Mistake of terrestrial technology: metals or oxides
Basalt fibers it is a material of XXI century. Back in the Stone Age!
INFORMATION ON THE AUTHOR
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